Ricardo Brey : All that is could be otherwise

7 Janvier - 25 Février 2017 Bourg-Tibourg - Paris

The Galerie Nathalie Obadia is delighted to present Ricardo Brey's exhibition entitled All that is could be otherwise, after Kicking the can down the road held at the Brussels gallery in 2014.

Ricardo Brey, born in Havana (Cuba) in 1955, lives in Ghent, Belgium, since 1991. He is one of the most prominent Cuban artists on the international art scene. In the 1980's, he was an active member of Volumen I. This collective of young artists emerged on the occasion of an exhibition held in Havana in 1981 and marked the avant-garde in Cuba after the Revolution of 1959 . In their works, members of the collective took distance with the official Cuban socialist-realism by proposing a more conceptual artistic approach and new art forms. During the third Havana Biennial in 1989, Jan Hoet discovered the work from Ricardo Brey and invited him to the Documenta IX of Kassel in 1992. With this exhibition, Brey's work became more internationally reconized.

In 1985, Ricardo Brey travelled to the United States. During his four-month stay, Brey produced artworks presented at the Amelie Wallace Gallery (State University of New York) and exchanged experiences with fellow artists from New York. He also lived among the Native Americans in South Dakota. The experience of sharing the extremelly difficult daily life of the Native American community, pushed Ricardo Brey to an introspection towards his own background. This process, that is translated in the introduction of his Afrocuban roots on his works at the end of the 1980's and begining of the 1990's, learned that there is a connection amount all things in the world, a holistic view that still guide his work.

Influenced by his Nigerian and Spanish origins, and his travels to every corners of the planet, Ricardo Brey's work goes through a wide range of references. The artist reflects a relationship between men and nature, an interaction between different cultures and religions, and issues of cultural identity on our contemporary society. In a world that confronts poetry, science and myth, his work echoes the theory of structuralism from by Claude Levi-Strauss (1908 - 2009), the work of the Russian film director Andreï Tarkovski (1932 - 1986) or even the Hagakure, a collection of thoughts and practical commentaries of samurai Jōchō Yamamoto (Japan, 17th century).

The All that is could be otherwise exhibition will highlight several Ricardo Brey's more recurrent themes in his oeuvre . In his more recent works, the artist often questions the figure of the tree, blanketed with fragments, surrounded by pieces of objects or partially covered. He draws his inspiration directly from the place of plants in Cuba, which underwent massive deforestation. His recent photos based works, often printed on canvas, combines the intensity of the image with its negation through the intensity of objects, like the installations Sea Level (2016) or Àrbol cortado y escombros (2013-2014). Birdland (2001), is a pivotal piece considering that on it Brey accomplished different meanings and thoughts in one work, such as the combination of references to the music and the natural world. This installation also implicates the free spirit of association taking from the jazz that are translated into all Ricardo Brey's work «(...)crossroad of thoughts that comes and back in different shapes during years». «Birdland is the name of a mythical place for all jazz musicians. In the middle of a nest made of coats and urban waste, surrounded by ostrich eggs, lies a saxophone standing like a swan», explains Ricardo Brey. The bird, or its eggs, is also very often used as a poetical metaphor of freedom and an opening to something else (especially in The Tourist, 2016).

His works on paper show a true reflection around the artist's "sculpture-photographs" and installations. For him, paper is a support that defines a limited format space. Yet material covers its surface and gives it substance, turning images, ideas and thoughts into physical reality. In his work entitled Inferno (2016), he references the text Dos lecciones infernales (17th century) by Galileo Galilei (1564-1642), from which he extracts words or excerpts in order to give shape to ideas, sounds and thoughts that inspire him. Paper becomes a territory that allows the artist's hand to leave its mark on the world. The work on paper is an object in itself. It means freedom of time, place and space.

For the All that is could be otherwise exhibition, Ricardo Brey worked around the Korean word "Hallyu", which associates quick cultural dissemination to the motion of a wave. In general, Brey's works are as intriguing and disturbing, as they are enigmatic. The artist produces global images that make us question ourselves as well as our relationship to the tumultuous world around. His work reflects his interrogations around major topics like language, image, daydreams, culture, knowledge, time and the relationship between chaos, reason and irrationality. Through an ongoing flow of thoughts and signs, Ricardo Brey constructs and deconstructs a spiritual and truly poetical work.